Worms are worms that parasitize the human body. Some of them are not able to cause serious harm to health, others are quite dangerous. How can a person get worms? Symptoms that indicate the presence of helminths will not hurt everyone to know. And most importantly - how to expel these uninvited guests from the body?
When should worms be suspected?
If an adult is worried about nausea, headaches and persistent cough, then they start looking for anything but helminths. Meanwhile, there are those who often lead to the appearance of these symptoms. If parasites injure the body, then they begin to actively multiply, in the process of life they destroy tissues and release toxic substances. The number of worms in the human body can reach hundreds and even thousands of individuals. The body can tolerate the presence of these "guests" for some time, and then the following symptoms of the worms appear in an adult:
- frequent dry cough, which is not cured with syrups and antibiotics;
- poor appetite;
- Allergic skin rash, eczema, urticaria, acne scars, boils, papillomas;
- prolonged runny nose (no other signs of cold);
- intestinal problems - bloating, constipation;
- decreased immunity and, as a result, frequent acute respiratory infections;
- gnashing of teeth (due to overload of the nervous system);
- weakness, irritability, irritability, depression;
- joint pain;
- lymph node enlargement.
Some species of helminths "report" themselves with specific symptoms. So with ascariasis pneumonia, diarrhea and colic can occur.
If a wide strip is placed on the body, then dizziness and abdominal pain appear. During defecation, worm fragments are excreted in the feces. A person, continuing to eat in the usual way, is rapidly losing weight. Anemia develops later.
The bull tape is placed on the liver, which causes pain in the right hypochondrium.
Breastworms cause excruciating itching in the anus. As a result of itching of this place, dermatitis and inflammation appear.
Cracking of teeth and other symptoms of helminth infection in children
Children are more susceptible to helminthic infestations, as they often do not follow the rules of personal hygiene and pull everything in the mouth. The presence of a parasite in a child's body can be suspected by the following signs:
- intense saliva (including during sleep);
- hyperactivity, restless behavior;
- itching in the anus, due to which the child literally can not sit still for a minute;
- increased desire for sweets;
- dry hair and brittle nails;
- peeling of the skin on the eyelids;
- anemia of unknown origin;
- lethargy and drowsiness;
- susceptibility to frequent colds.
In which organs can worms live?
In total, there are up to 250 species of worms. To live, they choose a variety of organs, such as the kidneys or the eyes. Some types of parasites settle on the skin, muscles. They are also found in the blood. But most still live in the gastrointestinal tract.
Very often worms settle in the human liver. Symptoms that indicate "organ placement" do not appear immediately after infection. The first signs of invasion sometimes occur after 6 months. A person suddenly starts to lose weight or gain weight rapidly. Eczema and even psoriasis can occur.
Some worms attach to the liver, lead to disturbances in its work and cause anemia. Others (such as the echinococcus) form a chitinous capsule around themselves, which increases in size and interferes with the work of the organ. Human skin turns yellow, there is pain on the right side and digestive problems.
There are also characteristic symptoms of the presence of worms in a person in the liver - chronic fatigue and sleep disturbance from 2 to 3 o'clock in the morning, when the liver is working in an improved state.
Worms that live in the liver can cause asthma.
Worms - war: drug treatment
Although one of the important factors in diagnosing worms in a person are the symptoms, treatment is prescribed only after the test results are obtained. Most often, a stool test is prescribed. But this is an unreliable method: sometimes only after 8-10 attempts it is possible to detect parasites. A more accurate diagnosis is a vegetative resonance test.
The easiest way to detect worms. To do this, make an itch from the skin above the anus and then study it under a microscope.
When the parasite is identified, treatment begins. It is performed in several stages:
- preparation. It consists in removing (or reducing the amount of) toxic substances - the result of the vital activity of helminths. To do this, use activated carbon;
- taking anti-helminthic drugs. A good effect is the use of anthelmintic drugs with a broad spectrum of action;
- recovery. The goal of therapy is to strengthen the immune system (this is done with the help of echinacea), normalize the intestinal microflora and restore the liver.
Traditional medicine against worms
If deciding to use folk remedies to remove worms from a person, the symptoms should also be considered. If there are signs of infection with pliers worms, then the use of garlic, tansy infusion or wormwood is advised.
A popular way to get rid of worms is garlic milk. Can be drunk with bread and garlic. This composition is suitable for enemas. For this, in 1 tbsp. milk boil a large head of garlic. Then cool, filter and place an enema with such a solution. The procedure is repeated daily for a week.
Folk healers are advised to drink 1 tablespoon on an empty stomach for a month. l. garlic water. You need to take 6-8 cloves of garlic, grind them, mix with 1 tablespoon. cold boiled water. Drain the solution. You can make microclisters with such water.
Cat gains can be transmitted from cats. It is believed that this worm is afraid of grated apples, which are mixed with carrots and tar. Dimensions of the medicinal composition: 1 tablespoon. carrot-apple mixture and 1 drop of tar. Consume on an empty stomach.
To destroy the bar, it is enough to drink 1 tablespoon in the morning (on an empty stomach). water, in which 1 tablespoon is dissolved. salt.
If the type of parasite is not known, but there are all the signs of worms in humans (the symptoms of infection with different parasites may not change much), then a composition can be prepared that destroys almost all helminths. Ground wormwood, centaury, cumin, ground pumpkin seeds (peeled) should be mixed in equal proportions. To the listed ingredients add 2 parts ground cloves, 4 parts pre-baked flax seeds, ground tansy flowers. Grind everything in a coffee grinder, pour into a glass container.
Take such a composition according to the scheme. In 1 day you should eat 1 tablespoon. collection 30 minutes before breakfast, drink cold water boiled with honey. For 2 days, the composition is consumed in the morning and before lunch. Then, from 3 to 7 days, you should eat 1 tablespoon. herbal mixture 2 times a day - before lunch and before going to bed
Most anthelmintic drugs and medicinal plants are highly toxic. Therefore, it is extremely unreasonable to use them for treatment without consulting a doctor. Do not self-medicate if the patient is pregnant or having children.
How does the infection occur?
The causes of the appearance of worms depend mainly on age. In children, they are associated with violations of the rules of personal hygiene, the use of unwashed vegetables. Adults are often infected with water. Moreover, it is not necessary to drink it - just wash the dishes with river water. Worms can enter the human body when eating meat and fish dishes without the necessary thermal treatment. A common route of infection is the consumption of slightly salted and raw fish.
You can become the owner of helminths if you do not wash your hands during outdoor recreation or after gardening and earthworks. Worm symptoms in an adult can also appear after communicating with infected people (through dust, air and hygiene items).
Those working on livestock farms and in meat and fish processing shops are at high risk of infection.
How not to get worms?
Complying with the rules of personal hygiene is the best way to prevent helminths from harming your health. Hands should be washed before preparing food, before sitting at the table and after using the toilet. Vegetables, fruits, greens should be poured with boiling water and then washed under running water.
Meat and fish should be fried or cooked for a long time and a special board used for cutting them. It is better to stop eating dried or raw fish. You should not drink water from the tap, much less from the river.
Fearing to see the symptoms of the presence of worms, some people (especially four-legged pet owners) give the child and take the proper medication themselves. Such recommendations can be heard by doctors. But it is much safer to monitor your hygiene closely - and then you are not afraid of any helminths!